Types of Dachshunds: Sizes, Coats, and Colors


 In this article, you will learn everything there is to know about dachshund types based on their sizes, coats, and colors. So whether you’re a current Dachshund owner or are just interested in learning more about these adorable dogs, make sure to keep reading.

How many different types of Dachshunds are there?

There are many types of dachshunds. If we take into account all combinations of sizes, coat types, colors, and patterns. The different types of dachshunds can be broken down into the following categories:

  • Sizes: Standard and Miniature
  • Coat Types: Smooth, Longhaired, and Wirehaired.
  • Colors: Red, Cream, Black & Tan, Black & Cream, Chocolate & Tan, Chocolate & Cream, Blue & Tan, Blue & Cream, Isabella & Tan, Isabella & Cream, and Wildboar.
  • Patterns: Brindle, Sable, Piebald, and Dapple.

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Dachshund Sizes

According to the American Kennel Club, Dachshunds come in two different sizes: Standard and Miniature

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Standard Dachshund

The Standard Dachshund is the largest, weighing in at 16 to 32 pounds, with a body length of around 18 to 22 inches, and a height from the ground to shoulders of 9 to 12 inches.

Miniature Dachshund

The Miniature Dachshund is much smaller than the Standard, only weighing up to 11 pounds with a body length of 10 to 12 inches and a height from ground to shoulders of 5 to 6 inches.

Both Standard and Miniature dachshunds come in all types of coats and colors

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Kaninchen Dachshund

The American Kennel Club does not recognize the existence of kaninchen dachshunds. However, as per the International Canine Federation (FCI), a dachshund weighing less than 3.5 kg (7.7 lbs) and with a chest measurement of 30 centimeters (11.8 inches) or less is officially classified as a kaninchen. In some countries, these dachshunds are also referred to as “Rabbit Dachshunds”.

Related post: Rabbit Dachshund: The Smallest Type of Dachshund

Dachshund Coats

There are three types of dachshund coats. smooth, long-haired, and wire-haired.

Smooth Hair Dachshunds

This type of dachshund has a short-hair coat that is smooth, shiny, and sleek. It requires minimal grooming to keep it looking neat.

Longhaired dachshunds

The long-haired variety has a long, soft, silky coat that is often wavy. This coat requires more frequent grooming and gives the dog an elegant appearance.

Wirehaired dachshunds

The wire-haired type has a thick, wiry coat with a softer undercoat. The thick outer coat forms a very distinctive mustache, beard, and eyebrows, giving the dog a unique appearance.

Dachshund Colors

The AKC breaksdown dachshund colors in two categories: one-color dachshunds, and two-colored dachshunds.

One-Color Dachshunds

One-color dachshunds are classified as red or cream. These dachshunds have a single, solid color throughout their entire body.

Red Dachshunds can vary from dark brownish red to a lighter tan coloring

Cream Dachshunds have a light golden color which is the result of a recessive gene that makes them blonde.

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Two-Color Dachshunds

Two-colored Dachshunds have a base color, usually black or chocolate, with tan or cream markings over the eyes, jaw, chest, and legs. The most common combination is black and tan.

There are also more unusual two-color combinations like the rare but beautiful blue dachshund, which has a greyish base color with tan or cream markings, and the isabella or fawn dachshund, with a yellowish grey base color also with tan or cream markings. These colors are dilutions of the black and chocolate standard coloring. Diluted colors occur due to a recessive gene in some dachshunds and are some of the rarest dachshund types.

To summarize here are all the two-color dachshund combinations:

  • Black and Tan
  • Black and Cream
  • Chocolate and Tan
  • Chocolate and Cream
  • Blue and Tan
  • Blue and Cream
  • Isabella and Tan
  • Isabella and Cream

Wildboar Dachshund

Another fairly rare coloring is Wild Boar. Wild boar dachshunds are unique, as each hair has multiple colors in it. Mostly gray, black, and brown with a red, chocolate, or black base. This gives them an overall grizzled look, which is most often seen in wirehaired dachshunds but can also appear in other coats.

Dachshund Patterns

Not only are there varying sizes, coats, and colors of dachshunds, but they also have distinctive and unique patterns and markings! From brindles to sables, a dachshund’s coat pattern can be as varied as their personalities.

There are 4 different dachshund patterns:

  • Piebald
  • Brindle
  • Sable
  • Dapple

Piebald dachshunds

Piebald is a coat pattern that can occur in any one-color or two-color dachshund. The piebald pattern is characterized by patches of white fur on the dog’s body. These patches can vary in size and placement, but they typically occur on the dog’s chest, stomach, and legs.

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Brindle dachshunds

Brindle is a coat pattern consisting of dark stripes over a lighter background color like red. These stripes usually look like tiger stripes and can be any shade from chocolate brown to black. Brindle patterns are not uncommon in dachshunds and can be seen in both smooth-haired and longhaired varieties.

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Dapple dachshunds

Dapple dachshunds, also known as merle dachshunds, have a unique pattern that appears “mottled” and speckled. This pattern consists of spots of lighter and darker colors randomly scattered throughout the base background color. Dapple dachshunds are considered a rare dachshund pattern and can be seen in smooth-haired and longhaired varieties, and any color combination from black or chocolate to blue or isabella.

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Sable dachshunds

Sable is a rare and beautiful coat pattern that only occurs in long-haired Dachshunds. These special dogs have black-tipped red hairs, which gives them a striking appearance. While they are not the most popular type of Dachshund, they are certainly among the most beautiful. 

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Final thoughts

As you can see, there are many types of dachshunds if we take into account all combinations of coat type, color, and size.

But no matter what size or coat type, dachshunds are sure to bring joy into your home. They are loyal, intelligent, and affectionate companions that will love you unconditionally.  With the right care and attention, Dachshunds can make great additions to any family.

When choosing a dachshund, you have many different options to choose from. With three coat types, numerous colors and patterns, and two sizes, there is sure to be a dachshund that is perfect for you and your family. Do some research on the different types of dachshunds before making your decision, and then go out and find the one that is just right for you.

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