Dachshunds tend to shed moderately, compared to other breeds of dogs. However, the amount of shedding varies, depending on the type of coat that they have. There are three kinds of coats: smooth-coated, longhaired, and wirehaired. The smooth-coated Dachshund has short glossy hair. The longhair Dachshund can have straight or wavy hair. The wirehaired Dachshund has hard, thick hair with a fine undercoat and it sheds the least amount of hair of the three types of Dachshund.
Dachshund General Grooming Needs
Most Dachshund owners bathe and brush their dogs on their own and go with a professional groomer when there is a special need or occasion. The complex part of grooming, like trimming nails, brushing teeth, cleaning ears, etc. is usually done by a professional groomer, too.
Smooth-coated Dachshunds need very little bathing and brushing and rarely need to be taken with a professional groomer. If you want to have a Dachshund and do not want to spend a lot of time and money with a professional groomer, this is the type of dog you are looking for.
Longhaired Dachshunds require daily brushing to avoid the formation of mats in their long hair. They are usually taken more often with a professional groomer when complex mats form, the hair of the inner ears has to be trimmed, etc. The additional time their owners spend grooming this dog is sometimes seen as a way of bonding with it.
Wirehaired Dachshunds require regular brushing by their owner. However they have an undercoat, whose dead hairs have to be pulled off with a stripping knife various times per year and its beard and eyebrows have to be trimmed occasionally (preferably by a professional groomer). It requires infrequent, but complex grooming.
Which Coat Type Needs more Frequent Grooming?
The coat of the longhaired Dachshund requires more frequent grooming than the other two types because it has longer hair. If it is not brushed daily, it could entangle and form mats. Removing mats can be very complicated.
Which Coat Type Needs more Elaborate Grooming?
The coat of the wirehaired Dachshund has short, curly hair and a fine undercoat. This makes grooming more complicated than the other two types of Dachshund, even if it is not the most frequent.
How to Groom your Dachshund
When you groom your dog, remember to bathe it with dog shampoo. You cannot use human shampoo because dogs require a different ph balance than the one needed by humans. It is also important to look for the type of shampoo that the specific coat of your dog needs.
Smooth-coated Dachshunds require a regular brush using a dog hair brush with soft bristles or rubber teeth. Petting this dog regularly with a rubber glove will remove loose hairs from the coat. This dog only needs to bathe every few weeks and in any additional occasion when it gets dirty. Try to use the specific dog shampoo for its type of coat.
Longhair Dachshunds need to be brushed daily with a regular dog hair brush to get all the mats out from the places where they have the longest hair (especially behind the ears) and all the dead hairs out in the surfaces. Next use a slicker brush to pick up more dead hair and finish removing the knots. Finally brush the dog gently with a metallic comb. This type of Dachshund does not need a lot of bathing, but it does need careful attention when drying it so that its long hair does not entangle.
Wirehaired Dachshunds have a stronger coat and require a short snapped and wired bristle brush for grooming. Its coat requires brushing one or two times per week. It can be bathed only once a month. The dead hair of its undercoat needs to be pulled off with a stripping knife various times per year. It seldom needs to have its beard and eyebrows trimmed.
More Complex Grooming
Cutting your dog's nails
If you decide to cut your dog's nails, only cut the outer white part. The inner pink part (called quick) is where the blood vessels and nerves are located. If you cut the quick, there will be bleeding. It is better to cut just the sharp tip of the nails to avoid cutting the quick. It is important to remember to cut the dew claw also (avoiding the quick).
Brushing Your Dachshund's Teeth
Brushing your dog's teeth regularly is important because it can prevent illnesses like: periodontal disease, dental calculus, and tooth decay. Some people recommend brushing them two or three times per week while others claim that they have never done such a thing and nothing has ever happened. A lot of people leave that part of grooming for an expert to do (because it is very complicated). However, some brave people are interested in doing it themselves, despite the risk of getting bitten. There are many types of toothbrushes that can be used for the job. Some look very similar to human toothbrushes, others are worn over a finger (instead of using a stick), others are dental chew treats, etc. Choose a toothbrush that is comfortable for both you and your dog.
It is very important to mention that you must never use human toothpaste to brush your dog's teeth because it is poisonous for dogs. The human digestive system is different from that of dogs and they must never consume human toothpaste. They need a special dog toothpaste, which you can buy in pet stores. Obviously do not use the dog toothpaste for humans either. It is always better to let an expert handle this part of grooming.
Related: Dachshund Bad Breath
How to Clean Dog Hair in your House
It can be problematic to clean a lot of dog hair all over the house every day. If it is too excessive, you could become allergic to it. An easy way to clean up the hair shedded by your Dachshund is to use dryer sheets or duct tape. Another hack that can make the cleaning easier is to use a squeegee (preferably one with a long shaft or handle). It can really help remove the shedded hair from floors and carpets. The hair on the carpets groups into clumps that can be picked up more easily. For a lot of people, a vacuum cleaner could be the easiest way to pick up the shedded hair.
Another problem is removing the hair that your Dachshund leaves on your clothes. You can use a lint roller, dish gloves (or any robber gloves), or a sponge to remove dog hair from your clothes. In an emergency, any type of scotch tape or masking tape can take the hair off from your clothes, too. You can also get your hands slightly humid (but not wet) and remove the hair from your clothes using your damp hands (if they are very wet, your clothes will get wet too).
Your pet can also be cleaned before it starts to shed all over the house. Using a special vacuum cleaner for pets with a grooming attachment you can remove hair from your dog and keep your house cleaner. You cannot use a regular vacuum cleaner to do this because it would hurt and scare your dog. Another solution is to use a dog hair remover when you groom your dog.
Excessive Shedding Causes
All dogs shed some hair and the different breeds of dogs shed different amounts of hair. It is also important to take into account that a lot of dog breeds shed more than usual in the spring and winter seasons because they are getting their coats thinner or thicker. However, if you notice that your dog is shedding more than usual, it could be a sign of sickness. Skin infections, parasites (like fleas), allergies can cause dogs to shed more than usual. Poor nutrition is another possible cause for excessive shedding. Little grooming and lack of hygiene can increase the shedding also. When you feel that the amount of shedding is not the normal one your dog usually has, you should take it to the veterinarian to see what is causing the problem.
How to Keep a Healthy Coat and Reduce Shedding
There are several things that you can do to reduce your dog's shedding and improve the coat. You should check that your dog is eating nutritious food because this can affect the dogs coat. You can also use some of the many products that are sold in the market, like foods with fatty acids, vitamin supplements and essential oils, which reduce the amount of shedding. Brushing your dog's hair frequently increases the oil production of the skin and gets rid of excessive hair (which decreases shedding). Giving your dog baths with special moisturizing shampoos can also help regularize the shedding. Ask your veterinarian what types of solutions he or she can give you.
Another problem with a dog's coat is the formation of mats. It is important to remove them before they start growing and cause a problem. You can use any of several products sold in the market. In order to detangle it, you can put dog hair conditioner on the mat and massage it with your fingers. Then try to disentangle the mat starting from the farthest part from the dog's skin and helping yourself with a metallic comb (avoid pulling too hard on the hair). If you cannot untangle the matt, put the comb between the dog's skin and the matt and cut it with some scissors. If the problems does not get solved, take your dog to a groomer or a veterinarian. The best way to avoid mats in the dog's coat is brushing it every day.
The Dachshund is a very interesting dog breed and the owners of these dogs enjoy them a lot. It is important to take care of them so that they live a longer, healthy life. Grooming them is important because it prevents illnesses on time. Observing the amount of hair that they shed is important too because it is related with their health.
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