Having a pet is like having a child. You have to look after them and make sure that they remain healthy, happy, and safe. Whether you own a cat or dog, you must look after them properly. Dogs have medical issues that they might be dealing with. Skin problems in pets are one of the most common critical issues a pet parent has to deal with. These skin issues vary from common rashes to serious health conditions.
Dachshunds, like many other dog breeds, are prone to having skin problems. They are prone to itchy skin and other allergy issues. This is normally because of allergic reactions to fleas, food, and various kinds of pollutants. However, certain problems may be genetic in nature. Skin issues can be a significant discomfort for your pet.
Symptoms of Skin Problems in Dachshunds
You can tell if your dachshund is having skin issues by observing some of the obvious symptoms. Itching is the most common symptom of a skin condition. When your dog feels agitated or irritated, he might have been constantly scratching itself. Although dogs normally do scratch themselves, if it is doing it too often then you must check your dog’s skin to see if there is a problem. Other signs are skin soreness. Other symptoms of skin diseases include; dry skin, dandruff, redness bumps, rashes, and even hair loss. If your dog is facing any of these then you must consider visiting a vet immediately.
Common Skin Diseases
There are a series of common skin diseases found in Dachshunds. These are as follows:
1. Acanthosis Nigricans: It is a skin condition, which shows signs before your dog’s 1st birthday. The symptoms usually include darkening and thickening and hair loss of the skin. The skin gets greasy and flaky to the touch. The condition can spread in the dog’s body very fast. It is also known as hyperpigmentation, as it causes the darkening of the skin.
2. Yeast Infections: Dachshunds are known to suffer from yeast infections. This can occur in conjunction with Acanthosis nigricans, or all by itself. The symptoms include itchy skin, rash, skin thickening, and foul-smelling infections. Skin folds are normally particularly prone to yeast infections. It also includes inflammation in the skin, especially in areas such as the paw pad.
3. Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism hypothyroidism occurs due to insufficient hormone production by the thyroid glands. The symptoms of this skin issue involve dryness, skin thickening, discoloration, and hair loss. Since it is caused by hormonal changes in the dog’s body, you may see behavioral changes, lethargy, and intolerance to coldness. This condition isn’t life-threatening and can be treated by your vet.
4. Pinnal Alopecia: Doxies are prone to pinnal alopecia, or hereditary pattern baldness. In this breed, hair loss usually begins on the outer ears, eventually spreading over all or most of the body. By late middle age, the affected dog’s hair is virtually gone. His skin darkens completely or in patches.
5. Sarcoptic Mange (Scabies): This is also very common. In this condition, small red spots like insect bites appear on the ears, elbows, and hocks. The most common sign of scabies is intense itching.
6. Fleas: This is probably the most common problem for dogs. You can tell if Dachshund has fleas if it is constantly scratching along the back, around the tail, and hindquarters. You can also find fleas and black and white gritty specks in the hair.
7. Mange: Mange is a severe skin condition caused by several species of mites that live on the dog’s hair and skin. There are two types of mange. One is demodectic mange’, which tends to affect dogs under one-year-olds with another underlying condition. The other is the Sarcoptic mange caused by sarcoptic mites. This is an extremely intense, itchy condition and is often noticed on the dog’s ears. Symptoms of this include facial hair loss, hair loss on the legs, along with severe itching and redness in the affected areas.
8. Ringworm: Ringworm is a fungus that is highly contagious to other animals and humans. The fungal infection appears as circular, crusty bald patches that are found on your dog’s head, paws, ears, and front legs. The skin of your dog can also appear inflamed and red after they have irritated the infected area from scratching.
Dachshunds are also prone to many different kinds of allergies. They are a healthy breed; however, they do suffer from them once in a while. One thing you must know about allergies in dogs is that they can be caused by environmental allergens, food, and fleas. Dog food ingredients like; animal protein, corn, wheat, rice, and soya are the initial culprits of food allergies. Dachshunds usually are allergic to corn and this is a common component in almost every tin-packed dog food. Some dachshunds are also allergic to chicken and even food coloring, so it’s best to check the diet of your dog before giving it to him.
Dachshunds are also one of the breeds that get allergies from the environment they live in. They are more disposed to allergies from pollen which is mainly a seasonal allergy. Pollen causes inflammation of the skin and irritation. Some plants, trees, grass, and mold spores are also known to cause allergies but are less common.
Serious Skin Issues
If you notice any lumps or bumps on the skin of your Dachshunds, then that is a matter you must be concerned about and should take your dog to the vet immediately. As these are signs of tumors and skin cancer. Some of the common skin tumors and skin cancers in a dachshund include apocrine gland tumors, which affect the anal sacs. Other than this, there is also a tumor called lipomas. It often occurred in this breed, and dogs are susceptible to a rare type of this tumor known as diffuse lipomatosis. It affects the dog’s entire skin and results in prominent folds in the skin on the neck.
Treatment and Prevention
Dachshunds are prone to these kinds of skin diseases. To make sure that your dog is safe, healthy, and fit, you must take a series of measures.
Firstly, you must invest in the grooming of your dog. This means that you need to make sure that your dog is clean all the time. Bathe your dog with hypoallergenic shampoos.
These hypoallergenic shampoos must contain soothing natural ingredients such as aloe vera and primrose oil. To protect your dog from fleas, you must use anti-flea soaps and comb the hair of your dog from a flea comb. Longhaired and Wirehaired Dachshunds should be bathed once a month and groomed with a comb every week. Smooth-haired dachshunds require less maintenance as they are easier to keep clean.
Dachshunds have long ears that need very special care. You must do so by cleaning regularly through q-tips. You may also use mineral oil to prevent the debris in the ear from building up. It is best if you also use medicated shampoos. These can be prescribed by your vet. To prevent your dog from having any bugs and parasites in its hair, you must continue to make sure your dog remains clean every day. Make sure your dog doesn’t go to dirty places as that usually tends to be the cause of all skin infections and parasites growing in the dog’s hair. You may also wipe your dog’s paws after a walk in the park or outside.
In the case of yeast infections, you may use topical cream, washes, and tablets to prevent the infection from spreading and making sure it ends too. Fleas and tiny parasites are usually found in beddings and carpets. They are attracted to the dirt in them and are transferable easily to your dog. To prevent this from happening, you must daily wash all your beddings and vacuum your carpets daily. This kills off bugs and fleas.
The diet plays a major role in the treatment and prevention of skin diseases in your dachshunds. To prevent food allergies, you must feed your dog high-quality food. It’s also a good idea to include fatty acids into the diet to stop dandruff and prevent the possibility of any growing skin infection. You may talk to your veterinarian for any advice regarding the prevention of any skin tumors and infections.